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Ping Yao; Look for " caky history "
From;    Author:Stand originally

Hurried back hurriedly from advance ancestral temple Taiyuan [graph library] , already was afternoon 6 when, just overtake the last bus that leaves for Ping Yao, then, we are confused in misty rain Gu Cheng runs quickly continuously in overflowing and go. In the evening 9 when, in highway edge not only saw lights, still saw a city wall of a dense mass of, ping Yao arrived. Employed the tricycle with noisy Zhi of Ka of Zhi of a Ka, from smooth Yao city 6 city gate fall mediumly on the west the door " Feng Yi door " into the city, find a hotel to live below.

Ran daylong, eventually can static next hearts come, be in slightly the view that Gu Cheng appreciates in nocturnal wind.

As a result of already late at night, although I go in Gu Cheng's main force to on the west on the ave, but the pedestrian is few, look reaching is a tourist. The small shop that there is a few to sell a knife to cut face and souvenir only by the side of the street still is opening, with western the small town of the area is not had 2 send. What what differ is, here does not have 2 building absolutely, it is bungalow completely. Because of the eye shot inside this city actually very open, from on the west the door is OK look into the distance comes east the door, still can see a night sky that is pressed on a tower over a city gate and city wall. Regretting is today is wet cloudy, cannot see moon and aglimmer numerous bit. Integral feeling: One is eroded without modern culture western small town.

Morrow rose big early, the first thing is to taste local distinctive of course fastfood breakfast. Two money can buy cake of a jin chopped green onion and congee of a bowl of big millet, a word: Value! From travel manual understanding arrives: Ping Yao only then build at period of king of announce of the Western Zhou Dynasty (BC 827 – 782 years) , up to now 2800 old histories. 221 years from BC China is executed " the system of prefectures and counties " since, ping Yao is to regard as all the time " the county is treated " seat, continue up to now. Existent cloister is built group, prefectural Ya arrange, town building all is building of bright Qing Dynasty, civilian house and business street path basically are built at 17 to 19 centuries, all previous classics is old vicissitudes of life, still calculate save in good condition.

The first station: Prefectural Ya. Ping Yao is at the beginning of 19 centuries so-called " small Beijing " , be equivalent to at that time Shanxi [graph library] center of economy, culture, so this " prefectural government " it is to be different from of course general. Enter hang high " arrange of Ping Yao county " after the pailou of board, be 50 meters wide, grow 100 meters old yard. The front is the old hall of bearing majesty, interesting is, what write on old hall board is not " old hall " also not be " bright mirror Gao Xuan " , however " kiss civilian hall " , have the milk of human kindness quite. The wing-room of big two side is pressed " left Wen Youwu " the office seat that is the six ministries in feudal China respectively. Enter old hall, in-house decoration namely desk desk, kill power rod to wait. Cross old hall to hear secret case namely 2 grandiose, cross 2, it is life division, county too the v/arc inner chambers for womenfolk of father. V/arc inner chambers for womenfolk is Shanxi standard on downstair kiln is built 2 layers, the building is offerring up a sacrifice Hu Xian, namely " protect Yin Daxian " , take its homophonic, it is cave dwelling downstairs, wintry warm summer is cool. The small courtyard by v/arc inner chambers for womenfolk is a flower hall and hind garden, booth stage pavilion, willow fish pool, look county too the life of father is to pass quite moistly. The regulation of quiet day is knowing a county cannot be local, must be to leave this county 500 lis with alien family name, and assume office cannot carry wife and children, there is Spring Festival around 15 days only in a year, in all a month serves as New year holidays. One informs prefectural tenure of office 3 years, yearly salary is silver 3949. Press the prices at that time, 79 silver can let a 8 home go up too comparatively well-off life, 3949 should be a not small amount. But lieutenancy has 3 years only, litre of duty, transfer or come off sentry duty are after 3 years it is a curious number, so every allow to know a county to all be in inside to the top of one's bent claw, make sure oneself issue back and belly of half a lifetime not to have care. Arrived Qianlong year, after administration realizes this problem, begin to execute " the silver that raise cheap " system, be opposite every year namely countrywide each county knows a county to undertake assessing, achievement in one's post is eligible and can obtain without corruption behavior of 1002 " the silver that raise cheap " . This kind of system can be very advanced management system at that time, what also assured local official on certain level is clean-fingered. But thoughtful, which come to administration this 1002 silver? Still not be to pass taxation to obtain, the burden a bit of common people was not reduced, the corruption behavior legalization that just is an official just. Look from present viewpoint, supervise without independent judicatory come below the premise of monitoring government action, "High pay raises cheap " just also be a laughingstock, cannot avoid likewise " one year Qing Dynasty tells seat of government, 100 thousand snowflake are silver-colored " phenomenal occurrence.
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